Commonly called a “specific injury,” it is an injury caused by one event at work. Examples include hurting your back in a fall, getting burned by a chemical splashed on your skin, or getting hurt in a car accident while making a delivery.
Not all injuries occur in a single instant. Cumulative Trauma is an injury that occurs over the course of time. These are injuries to the musculoskeletal and/or nervous systems that may be caused by repetitive tasks, forceful exertions, vibrations, mechanical compressions (i.e. pressing against hard surfaces) or sustained or awkward positions.
These injuries can sometimes be crippling and can develop gradually over periods of weeks, months, or even years.
Examples include carpal tunnel and other arm/wrist/hand injuries, tendonitis, lower back disorders, cervical radiculopathy, and thoracic outlet syndrome.
Psychological stress may produce mental disorders, physical disorders, or both. They are treated very differently from physical injuries and can be more complex.
California law permits compensation for a wide range of disability resulting from job related mental stress.
SUBSEQUENT INJURIES BENEFITS TRUST FUND
This is a source of additional compensation to injured workers who had already had a disability or impairment at the time of injury.